As we have seen in the preceding sections:
Many native nations today are using contemporary forms of engineered ecosystems in the quest for restoration. One of these is aquaponics, a system that combines hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) with aquaculture (cultivating fish, shrimp, clams, or other water-based organisms). Because nutrients from fish poop are absorbed by the plants, and plants are filtering water to be used by the fish, concept of bimaadiziwin fits well with these approaches. The materials might be glass, metal, and electronics rather than rocks and soil, but the traditional concepts of balance and biodiversity are just as applicable.